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Economies Past

Resources

Resources

User guide

User guide - one-sheet poster, pointing out key parts of the user interface.

Economies Past user guide

Resources for teachers

Year 8: Children at work in the Industrial Revolution

More resources for teachers, including worksheets and lesson plans will be added soon.

Articles

A short article about our parent project, published in Research Horizons magazine, 2015 [see full edition]

Longer essays on selected topics

Our pages, The Online Historical Atlas of Occupational Structure and Population Geography in England and Wales 1600-2011, have longer essays on selected topics.

National parish level maps

The online interactive map allows users to look at maps showing a variety of variables for the whole of England and Wales at the Registration Sub-District level and then to zoom into see the values of the same variables at (more or less) parish level.

Unfortunately browser speed constraints mean that it is not possible, even in full screen mode, to see the 'national picture' made up of all the parishes in this interactive mode.

Here we provide suites of 'static' maps showing the values of selected variables for the whole of England and Wales for: 1600 and 1660 at the Registration Sub-District; 1710, 1855 and 1785 mainly at registration Sub-District level, but for parishes where data is available; 1851-1911 primarily for parishes. But in some cases, mainly in central London for 1891, 1901 and 1911, it has been necessary to aggregate a number of historic parishes. See the Overview tab for the meaning of these units.

The maps may be used to compare 'local' details to 'the national picture'.

These maps may be reproduced for non-commercial use as long as they retain the Creative Commons licence statement and symbol and the logos of the University of Cambridge and the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure.

Please note that the black boundaries shown are for ancient counties as they were in 1851. Parish boundaries are shown in white.

Adult male

Labour force participation rate (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Primary sector Primary sector (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Agriculture (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Mining (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Secondary sector Secondary sector (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Clothing (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Shoemaking (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Metal trade (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Textiles (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Building (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Tertiary sector Tertiary sector (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Dealer and seller (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Service and profession (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Domestic service (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Transport (adult male): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911

Adult female

Labour force participation rate (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Primary sector Primary sector (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Agriculture (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Mining (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Secondary sector Secondary sector (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Clothing (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Shoemaking (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Metal trade (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Textiles (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Building (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Tertiary sector Tertiary sector (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Dealer and seller (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Service and profession (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Domestic service (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Transport (adult female): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911

Male children, age 13-14

Labour force participation rate (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Primary sector Primary sector (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Agriculture (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Mining (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Secondary sector Secondary sector (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Clothing (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Shoemaking (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Metal trade (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Textiles (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Building (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Tertiary sector Tertiary sector (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Dealer and seller (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Service and profession (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Domestic service (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Transport (male children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911

Female children, age 13-14

Labour force participation rate (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Primary sector Primary sector (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Agriculture (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Mining (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Secondary sector Secondary sector (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Clothing (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Shoemaking (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Metal trade (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Textiles (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Building (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Tertiary sector Tertiary sector (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Dealer and seller (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Service and profession (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Domestic service (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911
Transport (female children, age 13-14): 1851 1861 1881 1891 1901 1911

Many more to follow …

Definitions of how each variable is calculated

Definitions of how each variable is calculated are on the Overview page.

Related websites

Populationspast.org Populations Past. Our sister project mapping the demography of England and Wales 1851-1911
DataShine Census Detailed mapping of the 2011 census of England and Wales.
A Vision of Britain through Time A variety of information for particular places at different levels from the 19th century onwards.
Histpop Online access to the complete British population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937.
Integrated Census Microdata The census microdata on which this project is based.
The Occupational Structure of Britain c.1379-1911 The website of our parent project.
The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure The research unit which is the home of this website.
Faculty of History, University of Cambridge The Faculty of History at the University of Cambridge, where our parent project is largely based.
Department of Geography, University of Cambridge The Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge, where our parent project is partly based and where this website was created.